What to visit in Crimea?

All roads of the Crimean Peninsula converge in Simferopol. Most of the tourist routes start from here. There are relatively few historical monuments in Simferopol. In the area of the old part of the city is the Scythian Naples – an ancient settlement. The heyday of the Scythian principality – III century BC – III century AD. Once there was a lot of life, the past of the Crimean peninsula was formed, but now only a green hill framed by fragments of masonry and a restored pavilion over the grave of King Skilur remained from the settlement. During the construction of the now old part of Simferopol, stones were taken from Scythian Naples. As a result, almost nothing remains of the ancient settlement.

Another large and famous city of Crimea is Sevastopol. The city of military glory or, as the locals call it, the White City. A panorama dedicated to the defense of the city during the First World War, and a Diorama – the defense of Sevastopol, respectively, during the Second World War, are mandatory to view here. Tauric Chersonesos is another ancient city, similar to Scythian Naples, but much better preserved. There are several museums on the territory of Chersonesos, which contain exhibits found during the excavations of this ancient city. At the beginning of the I century, the ancient Greeks founded the city of Chersonesos on the Black Sea coast. In the annals of Ancient Russia, he appears as Korsun. It was from here, from Chersonesos-Korsun, that the baptism of Russia began. According to legend, Prince Vladimir was baptized here. Later, a temple was erected on this historical site, which towers over the ruins of the ancient city to this day.

The next city is Bakhchisarai. It originated in the middle of the XV century. It was at this time that the Khan's Palace appeared here – the only monument of Crimean Tatar architecture on the peninsula. During the reign of 49 khans (for 300 years), the palace was constantly rebuilt. Several times during major fires, back in the Middle Ages, it burned to the ground. It was being restored. Those buildings of the palace, which tourists now see, look little like what was erected in the middle of the XV century. But still, the palace still amazes visitors with its beauty. Not far from the palace, on the top of the plateau, the ruins of the cave city of Chufut-Kale have been preserved. Its history is older than the history of Bakhchisarai. Chufut-Kale was built by the Alans at the beginning of our era under the leadership of Byzantine architects. Later, the city belonged to the Golden Horde, then became the cradle of the Crimean Khanate. fortnite mod menu